UK’s first rejection-free kidney transplant: When a person’s kidneys stop working, a kidney transplant is done to save their life. In a kidney transplant, a kidney is taken from a healthy person and surgically placed in the patient’s body. Thousands of lives are saved every year through kidney transplants. After a kidney transplant, people need to take certain medications for the rest of their lives. These drugs must be taken to prevent the body from rejecting the transplanted kidney. Now British doctors have done a great feat with kidney transplantation, which is being discussed all over the world. Doctors have transplanted a unique kidney to a girl, after which she will not have to take drugs for the rest of her life to protect her kidney. This is possible due to new technology.
British Website Express According to reports, 8-year-old Aditi Shankar has become the first child to receive a unique kidney transplant in Britain. Because of this special type of transplant, the child will not need lifelong medication to prevent kidney rejection. This feat was done by the doctors of Great Ormond Street Hospital in London. Doctors say the breakthrough was achieved by reprogramming the child’s immune system before giving the new kidney. To do this, experts used bone-marrow stem cells from the mother of the girl who donated the kidney. Because of this, the girl’s body was successful in accepting the new kidney. It was a different experiment, which was completely successful.
The girl was battling a rare disease
In fact, the girl had a rare genetic disease called Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia. Due to this, his immune system weakens and his kidneys begin to fail. After this the girl was taken to hospital for transplant. The doctors spoke with international colleagues about a special transplant that had been done in other children with the disease. For this, the experts first used the baby’s mother’s stem cells to rebuild the baby’s immune system and transplanted the kidney after 6 months.
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The girl was given immunosuppressive drugs for a few weeks after the kidney transplant, but the drugs were gradually discontinued. This removed the risk of long-term side effects from these powerful drugs, which usually have to be taken for life to prevent organ rejection. Now both the child’s immune system and the transplanted kidney are functioning normally.
Is it possible in all cases?
After this incident in Britain came to the fore, the question is whether this technique can be applied in all cases of kidney transplantation. In this regard, Jeremy Hughes, a professor of kidney research in the United Kingdom, said, “This is a new treatment that has many risks.” During the stem-cell transplant, the patient also has to undergo chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In such situations, it is not easy to do in all cases. Although no one needs lifelong immunosuppressant drugs after a kidney transplant, this is an important advance.
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However, according to experts, the scope of the process is currently limited and it may be very effective in the future. Actually our body considers the transplanted organ as foreign and starts destroying it. To avoid this, people are given immunosuppressive drugs after transplantation, which prevent kidney rejection. However, the risk of kidney infection increases after transplantation.